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Car maintenance knowledge and skills car maintenance project complete

2018-03-14 22:24:37

There are two main aspects of vehicle maintenance, one is the compulsory maintenance provided by the maintenance station for you. On the other hand, the owner does some daily maintenance by himself. The normal maintenance of the vehicle is related to the service life of the vehicle and the safety of the driver and passengers. If maintenance or improper use will cause vehicle failure, with all hidden dangers. In addition to mandatory maintenance at our maintenance station on time, we should also do daily maintenance work, which is beneficial to the "health" of the vehicle. To keep your car in good running condition, you benefit from careful daily maintenance. After the purchase of the car, please carefully read the "Product quality Guarantee Certificate" and "Instruction manual", in the "instruction manual" there are detailed use precautions and maintenance methods, you should carefully read and comply with it to ensure that the vehicle is in good use condition. Introduce the common sense of vehicle maintenance, hope to provide you with some help. Car paint maintenance Car paint maintenance common sense is actually very complicated. Although the car paint looks smooth, but the surface has small concave and holes, the new car is recommended to do a sealing glaze or coating treatment. Under normal circumstances, the coating is longer than the sealing glaze, the sealing glaze effect is about 3 months to half a year, the coating is more than half a year, and it is recommended that a second sealing glaze or coating be carried out after a certain time. A regular part of a car wash is polishing and waxing. However, these two items should be done under the premise of coating or sealing glaze, because it is always waxed or polished, which is equivalent to consuming the thickness of the paint, gradually thinning, losing, and appearing small scratches. Car paint maintenance daily need to pay attention to a lot of. First, avoid wiping the paint directly with a duster or dry cloth, wash the dust and dirt on the surface of the car with water, wipe it clean with a clean absorbent cloth, and do not dry it by itself after flushing. Second, when parking should be considered to avoid long-term exposure to the sun, especially white and non-metallic paint. Third, reduce the number of car washes and try not to do vehicle waxing and polishing. Fourth, pay attention to the timely removal of corrosive things such as bird droppings. Fifth, pay attention to reducing to corrosive areas, such as the seaside, the road surface with snowmelt agent, the newly paved asphalt road, etc. Sixth, after running at high speed in the summer, the insect bodies hit by the front of the vehicle should be cleaned in time, if not cleaned in time, the vehicle paint will be corroded in a very short time. Car tire maintenance Car tires and steel rings are the most easily dirty parts. Therefore, the maintenance of tires is also a very important key. Before washing the tires, prepare a brush with a long handle, and if the tires are not too dirty, wash them with a regular detergent. Unless there's really too much dirt, then you might want to buy a professional cleaner. The brush should not be used on chrome-plated mirror treated rims, which will leave obvious scars. Chrome-plated wheels generally use a sponge, wash small places and then consider using a brush. As long as the tire and knee parts are cleaned, the whole car will look like optical fiber bright Car interior maintenance Many owners of the car for routine maintenance, the appearance and important parts of the maintenance is always particularly careful, but occasionally will ignore the cleanliness of the car. The shoe prints on the carpet, the lower side of the inner door panel, the misty dust on the instrument panel and the ceiling, even if they are usually cleaned, they still need to go to 4S regularly for maintenance. Full interior cleaning: in strict accordance with the dust removal, cleaning, maintenance trilogy of instrument control panel, ceiling, rear cylinder platform, seats, floor velvet, inner door panel, etc., thorough cleaning and comprehensive maintenance. Leather protection: A complete set of leather care tools, with different tools for different parts. Steam sterilization: Professional steam sterilization for the car air and air conditioning outlet, seats, floor velvet comprehensive high temperature sterilization. Instrument control board: Brush can be used for self-cleaning, brush the instrument table, air conditioning inlet, switch, button, etc., every day, and spray a layer of sheet wax after cleaning. Ceiling: Dust can be cleaned by car vacuum cleaner. Seat: The maintenance of the seat, the first is the cloth chair cover on the seat cover, the second is to try to avoid food or liquid spilled on the seat, the third is to avoid scratching the leather surface. The fourth is to regularly clean and maintain with leather cleaners and maintenance agents. Ground pile: Usually put a foot pad on the ground pile to facilitate daily cleaning. Maintenance of automobile functional parts 1. Check the amount of engine oil. Park the vehicle on the level road surface. Pull out the ruler to check the amount of oil, if the oil is bright within the two labels (F) and (L), it belongs to the normal range, if it is lower than (L). The specified type of oil should be added, and the liquid level after refueling should not be higher than (F). When the engine is in the heat engine state, do not open the radiator cover, otherwise you may be burned by the spilled coolant or high temperature steam. After the engine is cooled, check that the liquid level of the coolant should be between the full and low position, otherwise distilled water or pure water (can not add mineral water) or frozen liquid should be added, and the liquid level height after adding water can not exceed the full position. If it is found that the coolant is reduced quickly in a short time, the cooling system should be checked for leakage or to the maintenance station to check. Third, check the brake fluid level brake is also between high and low indicating normal. If the brake fluid is close to or below the lower limit, it indicates that there may be leakage in the system or excessive brake shoe wear, and it should be repaired at the maintenance station in time. When adding brake fluid, pay attention to adding the same type of brake fluid to prevent damage to the leather bowl, and pay attention to protecting the paint to prevent corrosion of the paint. The clutch liquid level between high and low liquid level is normal, if it is lower than the standard line, it may be the main pump or pump cup damage. In the running state of the engine will be difficult to shift or unable to shift the phenomenon, please immediately to the nearest maintenance station repair. Check whether the battery is fixed firmly, the electrolyte should be between the upper limit and the lower limit, and the electrolyte or distilled water should be added to the high line in time when it is close to the offline line. Keep positive and negative battery cables in good contact, and keep batteries clean and dry. The vehicle with a long placement time should remove the positive and negative cables of the battery, rewire the starting engine about 20 minutes after about half a month, and charge it in time if the power is obviously insufficient. Six, tire inspection monthly should be checked at room temperature tire pressure, if lower than normal standards should be timely replenishment tire pressure. The air pressure should not be too high or too low, otherwise it will affect the safety of driving. Check the crack of the tire, and replace the tire in time when there is a safety hazard. When choosing tires, make them the same type. When starting the engine or usually driving the vehicle, the belt rings, and one situation is that the belt is not checked and adjusted for a long time, which can be adjusted according to normal standards. Another situation is that the belt is aging and needs to be replaced. The air filter is too dirty will cause the engine to work poorly, fuel consumption is too large, damage the engine, etc., check the air filter, if found less dust, blockage is light, can be blown from the inside out high pressure air, continue to use. Too dirty air filter should be replaced in time. 9. Check the spark plug. The normal spark plug insulating ceramics are intact. There is no rupture leakage phenomenon, spark plug gap 0.8+-0.0mm discharge, the spark is blue, strong. Adjust the gap or replace the spark plug if any abnormality is found. 10, check the gasoline filter if the oil supply is not smooth, check whether the gasoline filter is blocked, such as foreign body blockage should be replaced in time.